A Criticism of the Turner Theory”. Wyman and Clifton B. Views Read Edit View history. Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could experience less institutionalized forms of racism and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance. Even after independence, the eastern coast of the United States sought to control the West.

They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves. John, ” Turner, Beard, Chandler: Slatta argues that the widespread popularization of Turner’s frontier thesis influenced popular histories, motion pictures, and novels, which characterize the West in terms of individualism, frontier violence, and rough justice. Brent, “Electronic communication and sociology: It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier,” said Turner. He sounded an alarming note, speculating as to what this meant for the continued dynamism of American society as the source of U.

Turner Thesis APUSH

A Criticism of the Turner Theory”. He won wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals. Turner set up an evolutionary model he had studied evolution with a leading geologist, Thomas Chrowder Chamberlinusing the time dimension of American history, and the geographical space of the land that became the United States. Even after independence, the eastern coast of the United States sought to control the West. Turner concludes the essay by saying that with the end of the frontier, the first period of American history has ended.

Turner begins the essay by calling to attention the fact that the western frontier line, which had defined the entirety of American history up to the s, had ended.

My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. Jeffersonian School Third American president Declaration of Independence pure frontier democracy avoid.


Frederick Jackson Turner: Frontier Thesis APUSH – Spiconardi.

A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in the United States before Turner. Evidently, the belief that free political institutions of the United States spawned in ancient Germanic forests endured well into the s. Art in the s By: Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. The Frontier in American History.

frederick jackson turner frontier thesis apush

The Rise of Nationalism Section 2: Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two.

William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century.

frederick jackson turner frontier thesis apush

All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Milton Stanley Livingston, the lab’s associate director, said in”The frontier of high energy and the infinitesimally small is a challenge to the mind of man. Turner’s emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. Prehistory Pre-Columbian Colonial — — — — — — — — — —present.

Indeed, his influence was felt in American classrooms thessi the s and 80s. Turner never published a major book on the spush for which he did 40 years of research.

If we can reach and cross this frontier, our generations will have furnished a significant milestone in human history. According to the theory, the Turnee race appeared and evolved in the ancient Teutonic forests, endowed with a great capacity for politics and government.

Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and more intolerant of hierarchy. They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.


This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim.

Frontier Thesis

Subsequent critics, historians, and politicians have suggested that other ‘frontiers,’ such as scientific innovation, could serve similar functions in American development.

Wikisource has original thfsis related to this article: Proponents of the germ theory believed that political habits are determined by innate racial attributes.

The peculiarity of American institutions is, the fact that they have been compelled to adapt themselves to the changes of an expanding people to the changes involved in crossing a continent, in winning a wilderness, and in developing at each area of this progress out of the primitive economic and political conditions of the frontier into the complexity of city life.

Other historians, who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, started in the s to criticize the frontier thesis because it did not attempt to explain the evolution of those groups.

frederick jackson turner frontier thesis apush

Essays fredwrick Miscellany First ed. The tensions between small churches as a result of this fight, Turner states, exist today because of the religious attempt to master the West and those effects are worth further study. European characteristics fell by the wayside and the old country’s institutions e.